Split systems, also called HVAC and more commonly referred to as central heating plus air-conditioning systems for home comfort are an essential part of modern homes nowadays.
The primary use of these systems is to keep the interior spaces cool during the summer season. One important benefit of installing these systems is that they are very effective in providing protection from outside pollution and various allergens present in the air. The HVAC split system is comprised of the following five key parts:
- An indoor unit comprising of an air handler or a furnace.
- Either an air conditioner or a heat pump that makes the outdoor unit.
- A programmable or a non-programmable thermostat.
- An air filtration unit or a humidity control unit that regulates air quality.
- Copper tubes through which the conditioned air flows from the split systems into the rooms.
Like any other electrical system, the central air-conditioning system has its share of pros and cons. Some of them are discussed below:
- Ease of installation: The HVAC split air conditioning unit is popular because it is quite easy to set up. With the absence of cumbersome ductwork, these systems can be installed with a copper tube and control wing that passes through a small channel through the wall. The outdoor unit can be placed on a flat surface on the roof or sun-shed. The installation does not require any modifications to the property, hence is a cost-effective solution as well. The installation is usually provided free by the major renowned brands.
- Ease of operation: Operating the split systems is extremely easy as this can be done sitting on the couch by using a remote control. The heating and cooling process is also very quick and convenient. It is all just one click away!
- Noiseless operation: Another great advantage of this system is that they function noiselessly and hence ideal for places that demand silence, such as classrooms, libraries, prayer halls, offices. The outdoor units make some noise while operating and can be installed at a distance.
- Ease of maintenance: Split systems come with filters that are washable and only need periodic cleaning. Also, the filters are easily removable and hence an expert handling is not essential while cleaning them. The outdoor condensers also have easy maintenance and a repair-friendly design.
- Serves as a heating unit: Most HVAC units are equipped with an independent heating function. This allows comfort inside the living space without the outside weather affecting much of the indoor environment. Yes the AC can heat the room only if it has attached heating pumps.
- Cost-effective solution: A wide variety of split AC units are available in the market that consumes less power but works with enhanced efficiency. Most modern units are designed for optimum usage, have the ability of uniform air distribution, thereby rendering the unit quite energy-efficient. Some units can also operate on solar power, thus making the system eco-friendly.
- Attractive design: As compared to the bulky design of a window AC unit, split systems have a leaner design that blends perfectly well with home décor. The main advantage is that the windows are not blocked. The AC now available in the market comes in sophisticated colors such as rose gold or black or metallic grey. They not only match the modern interior of the rooms well but also add to the elegance of the wall.
- Air purification: Another key advantage of much central heating and air-conditioning systems is that they come with an in-built air purification system. People with dust allergies can benefit from the use of these units as they help in the prevention of health problems like irritation of eyes, headaches, and breathing problems.
- Window AC units are a lot cheaper than split systems.
- Installation is to be done by a professional installer.
- The location of the outdoor unit is important as these are very noisy and cause sound pollution and disturbance to neighbors.
The main reason for choosing split systems over window AC units is their quietness in functioning as well as their higher cooling capacity. Though the installation cost incurred will be higher than window AC installation, because of the modern energy-efficient split units, the cost of usage will be much lower in the long run.